A research team lead by Siu indicates that children and adults have similar associations to the color red. This research is important because as Siu and colleagues indicate “Color has been identified as a key consideration in ergonomics. Color conveys messages and is an important element in safety signs, as it provides extra information to users.” The researchers report that while previous studies have shown that adults link red with “hazard/hazardous,” their research indicates that children 7 to 11 years old associate red with “don’t.” This information means that the color red is a good
Age - For example: Gen X, Gen Y, Baby Boomers
Kuo and her team have learned that outdoor teaching sessions have positive implications after students return to their indoor classrooms. The researchers report that “Using carefully matched pairs of lessons (one in a relatively natural outdoor setting and one indoors), we observed subsequent classroom engagement during an indoor instructional period. .
Research completed by Lingwood, Blades, Farran, Courbois, and Matthews indicates that children may be better at finding their way through spaces than previously believed, which has repercussions for the design of spaces frequented by children, for example. The Lingwood-lead team “investigated whether children could learn a route after only a single experience of the route. A total of 80 participants from the United Kingdom in . . . groups of . . . 8-year-olds, 10-year-olds, 12-year-olds, and adults were shown a route through a 12-turn maze in a virtual environment.
Children around the world seem to learn to prefer pink if they’re female and blue if they’re male. Yeung and Wong (both from the University of Hong Kong) conducted a study, published in Sex Roles, that is “the first to show that a boy’s preference for blue and a girl’s liking of pink is not just a Western construct, but is also a phenomenon in urban Asian societies. . . .
Shi, Tong, and Tao investigated the use of gardens by elderly people. They report that “Gardens for the elderly . . . have been revealed to be beneficial to the elderly’s well-being and quality of life. . . . one garden at a care facility for the elderly was studied through total site factor measurement, resident and staff interviews, along with observations. . . . level changes are found to be more influential [on use] than distance and shade.”
Cognitive-science based research has generated powerful insights into how children experience des
How can design encourage adolescents to ride bicycles? Verhoeven and her team answered that question via an online survey during which adolescents (average age about 14) “were asked to indicate which of two situations they would prefer to cycle to a friend’s house. The manipulated photographs were all modified versions of one semi-urban street which differed in the following physical micro-environmental attributes (separation of cycle path, evenness of cycle path, speed limit, speed bump, traffic density, amount of vegetation and maintenance). . . .
The Erickson/Newman team studied previously published research on children’s reactions to background noise. To contextualize their conclusions, they report that a whisper in a quiet library is 30 dB loud, the daytime noise levels in open bay neonatal intensive care units are about 60 dB, sound levels in occupied infant and toddler classrooms are 60-90 dB, and that the volume in a noisy restaurant is approximately 80-90 dB. The researchers report that “Despite their relatively mature auditory systems, infants and children struggle with listening in noise relative to adults, particularly wh
Dadvand and his large team have gathered additional evidence indicating how important it is that people have ready access to green spaces. They “evaluated the association between lifelong residential exposure [at locations where study participants had lived since they were born] to green space and attention during preschool and early primary school years. . . .
Trzpuc and her team investigated factors that contribute to the wellbeing of patients in child-adolescent mental health units. During a study completed at the University of Minnesota Masonic Children’s Hospital Child–Adolescent Mental Health Inpatient Unit they found via patient surveys that “design features in which patients have choice and control offer greater perceptions of calm during their stay in the unit [i.e., patients perceived they were calmer when these opportunities for choice and control were present].” Data were collected in two areas, one of which had bee