Research Design Connections
Workplace design solutions regularly support employee telecommuting. Golden and Gajendran investigated the job performance implications of telecommuting, finding via the analysis of data collected in “an organization with a voluntary telecommuting program. . . .
Research by Naylor and Sanchez has generated insights that should influence the size of screens on which information is presented; its further implications for the design of tools/etc. that people use to process information in the real world are intriguing. During the Naylor/Sanchez study “Participants read a news article on either a small or a large smartphone display and rated their attitudes toward the material before and after reading. . . .
Rolfo and her colleagues studied the experiences of a company moving from an open-plan to an activity-based workplace. They state that “Many companies move from open-plan offices (OPO) to activity-based workplaces (ABWs). . . . The aim of this study was to explore . . . a company’s relocation from an OPO to an ABW. . . . Results showed that satisfaction with auditory privacy, background noise, air quality, outdoor view and aesthetics increased significantly after relocation.
The order in which assessments are made influences the resulting evaluations. O’Connor and Cheema share that “Sequential evaluation is the hallmark of fair review: The same raters assess the merits of applicants, athletes, art, and more using standard criteria. We investigated one important potential contaminant in such ubiquitous decisions: Evaluations become more positive when conducted later in a sequence.
Corcoran and her colleagues learned that thinking about spaces influences how we assess our future. They report that they measured “self-reported psychological mechanisms thought to underpin mental health and well-being before and after participants briefly contemplated urban/rural or desirable/undesirable residential images. Our findings demonstrate that even brief contemplation of places change how we consider our futures and that places deemed relatively undesirable appear to promote . . . threat-focused [thinking about the future]. Importantly, these changes were . . .
Lehmuskallio and colleagues studied the ability of photographers and photo editors to distinguish photographs from photorealistic computer-generated images when they were viewed on a screen. The investigators found that study participants were “unable to distinguish one from another, suggesting that it is increasingly difficult to make this distinction, particularly since most viewers are not as experienced in photography as those studied.”
Research linking listening to music while exercising with spending more time exercising has implications for soundscaping generally. The American College of Cardiology reports that “a study being presented at the American College of Cardiology’s 67th Annual Scientific Session [lead author Waseem Shami] suggests listening to music during a standard cardiac stress test can help extend the time someone is able to perform the test. . . .
Synesthesia is relatively common, and new research is shedding light on why some people experience it and others don’t. As a recent press release from the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics reports, “1 in 25 people have synaesthesia, perceiving the world in unusual ways. An experience with one sense automatically leads to perception in another sense: for example, seeing colours when listening to music. . . . researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics and the University of Cambridge. . . .
Not yet billed.