Goro and Plaisance used a widely-distributed survey to research the workplace-related expectations of people in the workforce. They presented their findings at the 2018 conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology in a report titled “Using Science to Debunk Millennial Rumors in the Workplace.” Goo reports that “‘the millennial generation reported wanting face-to-face time with their bosses on a weekly basis.’” Plaisance added that their study results “’negate the reputation of millennials to be job-hoppers and disloyal to organizations.’” In addition, “non-mille
Schwartz and his team studied the implications of changing postures while working – in other words standing after a period sitting or sitting after a time standing. They learned that when “Subjects executed validated cognitive tests (working speed, reaction time, concentration performance) either in sitting or alternating working postures on two separate days . . . . results suggest that working posture did not affect cognitive performance in the short term.. .
Placement, quantity, and design all matter
Another important guide from the British Council for Offices
Burkus reviews research in the peer-reviewed press related to workplace environments. His findings are consistent with those often discussed in articles in Research Design Connections. Burkus states that “some level of office banter in the background might actually benefit our ability to do creative tasks, provided we don’t get drawn into the conversation. Instead of total silence, the ideal work environment for creative work has a little bit of background noise. . . .
Li, van Vugt, and Colarelli consider how our evolutionary past, in ancestral environments, influences the experiences of modern humans. They report that “Human psychological mechanisms are adaptations that evolved to process environmental inputs, turning them into behavioral outputs that, on average, increase survival or reproductive prospects. . . . Modern-day organizations and work arrangements bear little resemblance to human labor practices throughout evolutionary history. . . .
Workplace design solutions regularly support employee telecommuting. Golden and Gajendran investigated the job performance implications of telecommuting, finding via the analysis of data collected in “an organization with a voluntary telecommuting program. . . .
Rolfo and her colleagues studied the experiences of a company moving from an open-plan to an activity-based workplace. They state that “Many companies move from open-plan offices (OPO) to activity-based workplaces (ABWs). . . . The aim of this study was to explore . . . a company’s relocation from an OPO to an ABW. . . . Results showed that satisfaction with auditory privacy, background noise, air quality, outdoor view and aesthetics increased significantly after relocation.
Syndicus, Wiese, and van Treeck studied the implications of workplace temperatures. The researchers collected information “in an office-like environment in one of the three temperature conditions. The comfort condition . . . featured an average air temperature of 24 °C [75 degrees Fahrenheit]. The elevated ambient temperature condition was 28 °C [82 degrees Fahrenheit]. . . Condition three employed an airstream of approximately 0.8 m[eters]/s[econd], intended to compensate for performance decrements at the elevated air temperature (28 °C). . . .
Sharing is not always a good idea