Bild and colleagues studied responses to soundscapes in public spaces. They determined via data collected in Amsterdam that “solitary and socially interactive respondents [people in the public spaces investigated] evaluate their soundscapes differently. . . . The sounds of people were considered as the main source of both disruption and stimulation for both groups; while conversations and the sounds of others in general were referred to as stimulating, loud conversations and children crying were disrupting.
Lymeus, Lindberg, and Hartig assessed mindfulness training in different environments. They found that “The setting matters in meditation. . . . Many mindfulness-based health interventions emphasize effortful attention training exercises in sparsely furnished indoor settings. However, many beginners with attention regulation problems struggle with the exercises and drop out. In contrast, restoration skills training (ReST) – a five-week course set in a garden environment – builds on mindfulness practices adapted to draw on restorative processes stimulated effortlessly in nature contacts.
Visits to parks and natural areas have long been known to provide mental and psychological benefi
Park probed factors linked to park use.
Yuen and Jenkins link time spent in parks and higher feelings of wellbeing.
Neill and colleagues have confirmed that there are benefits to spending even short amounts of tim
Zolch and colleagues studied how the presence of plants influences comfort in public squares, and
Resources and security have important effects
Varied settings, varied results
Cottet and her team evaluated how the components of urban views influence assessments of them.