design science

Culture and Change (12-08-17)

Different cultures more effectively implement particular sorts of changes.  KelloggInsight, reporting on the work of Bryony Reich, states, “Societies, countries, communities, and friend groups—collectively known as network structures—that are more individualistic and loosely connected are better at adopting ‘low-threshold’ technologies, she [Bryony Reich, an assistant professor of strategy at the Kellogg School of Management] found.

Co-Living Preferences (12-07-17)

Ikea recently polled people to learn more about their co-living related preferences. Co-living people share common spaces, even, sometimes, bathrooms.  Since people may have been motivated to participate in the Ikea survey because they have some interest in co-living, data collected need to be used with care.  Data gathered indicate that among the many thousands of participants to date, “people who are of all ages, and are in any life situation, from all countries, on average:  would prefer couples, single women and single men in their community . . .

Personality and Climate (12-06-17)

Our personality seems tied, at least in part, to the climate where we grew up.  Since personality influences how people experience design/space, this link between personality and early living may explain consistencies found among user groups, and indicate reasonable design-response hypotheses based on user group locations, for example.  Wei and his team undertook their project because “Human personality traits differ across geographical regions.”  They established that “compared with individuals who grew up in regions with less clement [mild] temperatures, individuals who grew up in regions

Aesthetics and Alphabets (12-05-17)

Research indicates that human’s aesthetic preferences are reflected in the forms chosen for letters in alphabets and syllabaries (“in which characters represent syllables”).  Price, reporting on the work of Olivier Morin, of the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History, shares that writing systems such as Cyrillic, Arabic, Sanskrit and 113 others “share basic structural features. . . .: characters with vertical symmetry (like the Roman letters A and T) and a preference for vertical and horizontal lines over oblique lines (like those in latters X and W). . . .

Experience, Personality and Noise (12-04-17)

Experience may influence how distracting it is to hear background noise.  Kou and team share that “Previous research has shown that background auditory distractors (music and sound/noise) have a more severe impact on introverts’ performances on complex cognitive tasks than extraverts (Dobbs, Furnham, & McClelland, 2011).”  The Kuo-led group partially replicated Dobbs and team’s study, with Chinese instead of English participants, finding that when “Chinese participants . . . carried out three cognitive tasks with the presence of Chinese pop songs, background office noise, and silence.

Art Value and Artist Grief (12-01-17)

Research indicates that the value of art is tied to its creator’s psychological state; it seems reasonable to extrapolate from this study to the value of design solutions, for example.  Graddy and Lieberman report that “Dates of death of relatives and close friends of 33 French artists and 15 American artists were gathered from electronic sources and biographies, and information on over 15,000 paintings was collected from the Blouin Art Sales Index and the online collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the National Gallery of Art, the J.

Sun Still Effects Lives (11-30-17)

Monsivais and his colleagues learned that the timing of the natural light we experience during a day influences our behavior, even when we have ready access to artificial (electric, for example) light.  They report that “For humans living in urban areas, the modern daily life is very different from that of people who lived in ancient times, from which today’s societies evolved.  Mainly due to the availability of artificial lighting, modern humans have been able to modify their natural daily cycles. . . .

Gender-Inclusive Bathrooms Send Positive Messages (11-28-17)

Chaney and Sanchez studied responses to gender-inclusive bathrooms; best practices for designing these sorts of rest rooms have been receiving a lot of attention recently, for example here:  Chaney/Sanchez report that  “While gender-inclusive bathrooms serve a practical function of providing a safe public restroom for transgender individuals, they may also sig

Cues and Eating (11-27-17)

Environmental cues encourage us to eat in particular ways.  Joyner, Kim, and Gearhardt found that “In a cue-rich compared to neutral environment, (a) wanting [to eat was] greater whereas liking [of food] . . . remain[ed] the same, (b) feelings of hunger [were] greater, and (c) food consumption [was] greater.”  The cue-rich environment tested was designed to bring the experience of being in a fast food restaurant to mind: it “included . . . booths. . . . [and]  Menu boards with images . . . projected on large television screens.  . . .


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