Sanciangco and colleagues investigated links between urban design and crime. They report that “Residents in US cities are exposed to high levels of stress and violent crime. At the same time, a number of cities have put forward “greening” efforts which may promote nature’s calming effects and reduce stressful stimuli. Previous research has shown that greening may lower aggressive behaviors and violent crime. . . . we examined, for the first time, the longitudinal effects over a 30-year period of average city greenness on homicide rates across 290 major cities in the US. . . .
Increase Security-Safely/Perceived Security-Safety
Features fostering friendliness
Hvass and teammates investigated how lighting urban spaces influence perceptions of experiences there. They determined via a field study in public transportation waiting areas and a laboratory experiment (where one light zone simulated the same sort of waiting area and the other the surrounding urban space) that “participants perceived the atmosphere in the simulated waiting area as relaxed and private when luminance intensity was low.
Park and Lee’s research findings will be of interest to people concerned about crime prevention through environmental design. The research duo collected data from people who are not burglars using virtual reality. Park and Lee report that their “study examines how the environmental features of residential property influence the choice of intrusion routes in a burglary, based on the assumption that burglars mainly judge whether there are proper intrusion routes rather than assessing the entire house. . . .
Neuroscientists have established how design can encourage people to trust and also to feel safe/secure. Applying researchers’ findings to develop “feel-good” refuges boosts the mental and physical health of individuals, groups, and societies.
Lee and Contreras evaluated how walkability and crime are related using data collected in Los Angeles.
Although for fleeting moments it can be exhilarating to throw safety to the wind, sometimes literally, feeling unsafe or insecure is usually a major stressor that dramatically reduces our wellbeing. Neuroscience research indicates how design can increase how safe and secure we feel.
Measuring sensations of safety
Particular pavement types can increase the probability of flooding.
Chang and Baskin-Sommers set out to learn more about how a disorderly neighborhood can influence trust.