Expecting and Seeing (04-04-22)

Rossel and teammates’ research confirms that many factors influence what we see.  The team shares that “Our study investigated the influence of expectations based on prior experience and contextual information on the perceived sharpness of objects and scenes. . . .  We manipulated the availability of relevant information to form expectations about the image’s content: one of the two images contained predictable information while the other one unpredictable. At an equal level of blur, predictable objects and scenes were perceived as sharper than unpredictable ones. . . . Expectations about the visual environment help us understand it more easily, but also makes us perceive it better.”

Pauline Rossel, Carole Peyrin, Alexia Roux-Sibilon and Louise Kauffmann.  2022. “It Makes Sense, So I See It Better!  Contextual Information About the Visual Environment Increases Its Perceived Sharpness.”  Journal of Experimental Psychology:  Human Perception and Performance, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 331-350, https://doi.org/10.1037/xhp0000993