Controlling In-Hospital Experiences (01-27-22)

Willems and colleagues investigated environmental control by hospital patients.  They report that “Research indicates that adaptation influences how people experience indoor conditions (ICs), and that the built environment influences both adaptation, via perceived control, and well-being. . . . we investigated how the design of hospital rooms can contribute to patients’ well-being by supporting their adaptation of and to ICs via perceived control. Two mixed methods case studies were conducted at hospital wards in Belgium, each concurrently collecting qualitative and quantitative [for example environmental sensor] data. . . . When perceiving control over adaptable building characteristics, patients can adapt ICs or adapt to ICs by choice. When not perceiving such control, they may still adapt sensations or their position. Without any perceived control, adapting to ICs is imposed. The built environment can support patients’ adaptation by supporting their autonomy and competences. In this way it can foster both patients’ eudaimonic [for example, related to self-actualization] as well as their hedonic [pleasure-related] well-being.”

S. Willems, D. Saelens, and A. Heylighen.  2022.  “Patient Well-Being, Adaptation of and to Indoor Conditions, and Hospital Room Design:  Two Mixed Methods Case Studies.”  Building Research and Information, vol. 50, no. 1-2, pp. 105-133, https://doi.org/10.1080/09613218.2021.2004386