While certainly lifestyle choices and other factors influence health, urban planners and landscape architects have long espoused the need for interconnected pedestrian networks to promote public health. Greenways are one strategy to create pedestrian connections.
Familiar routes through urban space seem to have longer apparent distances.
People's responses to specific neighborhoods and outdoor areas can vary greatly, and these subjective reactions are often difficult to quantify. A new tool, though, may help.
Researchers in Melbourne, Australia, have determined the distribution of native and exotic birds differed in four general types of urban habitats.
People who walk for health may prefer different features in the environment than do those who commute by foot.
Many studies have been done on pedestrian motivations, values, and constraints. A recent article concisely summarizes much of the research, and uses it to support a design framework for walkable cities and neighborhoods.
Just as researchers are investigating how neighborhood characteristics affect pedestrian behavior, similar research is investigating how features of the physical environment affect driving behavior.
Researchers have determined that there is a positive relationship between duration of time in a park and lower systolic blood pressure, as well as a relationship between being in a park with another person and how healthy the person in the park perceives himself or herself to be.
Researchers have been investigating event-places, "which make powerful linkages between physical and social phenomena."
For most buyers, their image of home includes its neighborhood. Several new studies investigate homeowner preferences for traditional or neotraditonal neighborhoods, suburban-style neighborhoods, and open space conservation neighborhoods to determine factors that affect home preference and price.