Kojo and Nenonen analyzed co-working spaces near Finland’s capital and categorized them into groups based on “their main characteristics.” The duo identified “six co-working space typologies . . . : public offices, third places, collaboration hubs, co-working hotels, incubators and shared studios. The categorization was made by using two axes: business model (for profit and non-profit) and level of user access (public, semi-private and private).” The researchers feel their findings are useful because they “provide a viewpoint on how co-working spaces can be categorized. . . .
Research Design Connections
Kennedy and his team have found that how we look at something, literally, is influenced by our genes. Designers can use what these researchers have learned to better understand curious research results, for example. The Kennedy-lead group reports that “Where one looks within their environment constrains one’s visual experiences, directly affects cognitive, emotional, and social processing . . . influences learning opportunities . . . and ultimately shapes one’s developmental path.
Kohlhardt and team studied the optimal design of trails through parks. They share that “Large crowds in parks can be a problem for park managers and visitors. . . . We used . . . visual images . . . to estimate park users’ utilities [the benefits or values they perceive] associated with their visitor experience in Garibaldi Provincial Park in British Columbia, Canada. Our visual method allowed us to control for background view and compare user preferences on hiking trails with preferences at final destinations.
It is important to design workplaces that reduce the likelihood of rude behavior, for more than the obvious reasons. It is particularly important to smooth interactions that might occur during morning hours, for example as people arrive or get early cups of coffee. The Woolum team found that if employees are relatively less confident and emotionally stable “a single exposure to [witnessed, i.e., visually observed] rudeness in the morning can contaminate employees’ perceptions of subsequent social interactions leading them to perceive greater workplace rudeness throughout their workday. .
Mullane and her team studied the effects of standing, cycling, and walking on cognitive performance. Data were collected from overweight (BMI=29 plus or minus 3 kg/m) adults who sat, stood, walked or cycled while working in a simulated office environment for 8-hour periods.
Research by Sass and her colleagues reveals that air pollution degrades the mental health of the people who experience it. Their work indicates that, in areas with higher levels of air pollution, it is particularly important to develop public and other spaces that support positive psychological experiences. The Sass team describes their research efforts in the United States: “Using annual-average measures of air pollution in respondents' census blocks of residence we find that over the period 1999–2011 [fine] particulate matter 2.5 is significantly associated with increased psychological
London’s Design Museum is a marvelous place to spend time and to learn about design's ability to influence our lives.
Interior spaces at the museum are flooded with natural light, so it would be hard to have a bad experience in the building—natural light’s ability to boost our mood and enhance our cognitive performance is well documented, and discussed in detail here.
Humans live better lives around plants – whether those plants are “real” or man made or pictured
Cognitive scientists have extensively researched how the design of a building can streamline its