place science

Recycling, Implications (09-01-21)

Recycling stations are designed into many spaces, both public and private.  Van Doorn and Kurz have identified interesting repercussions of recycling; designers who are aware of their findings may devise ways to counter the effects noted.  Van Doorn and Kurz found that “when presented with [recycling] options people may come to psychologically frame their waste creation as a contribution to the collective good that makes them feel good about themselves. . . .

Place and Choices (08-31-21)

Eichinger, Schreier, and van Osselaer studied how place links influence consumption decisions. They report that “Consumption can provide a feeling of groundedness or being emotionally rooted. This can occur when products connect consumers to their physical (place), social (people), and historic (past) environment. . . . groundedness . . . increases consumer choice, increases happiness, and increases feelings of safety, strength, and stability. . . . marketers can provide consumers with a feeling of groundedness through product designs, distribution channels, and marketing communications. .

Space-Related Expectations (08-30-21)

Cummings and colleagues link design with thoughts/behaviors in particular areas.  As they report, they “tested whether a fast-food restaurant affects food expectancies, or the emotions one expects to feel while eating highly processed foods (e.g., pizza) and minimally processed foods (e.g., carrots). Participants . . . entered a simulated fast-food restaurant or a neutral space, completed questionnaires, and engaged in a bogus taste test. The simulated fast-food restaurant increased positive highly processed food expectancies [expectations].”

Color-Shape Alignments (08-27-21)

De Sousa and colleagues studied associations to shapes and colors, finding that consistency among them in packaging elements is important.  They report that “participants expected the coffee associated with the pink label to taste sweeter than the green labeled coffee, whereas the coffee associated with the green label was expected to be more acidic than the pink labeled coffee. . . . consumers’ expectations did not carry over to influence the actual tasting experience. . . .previous literature show[ed] . . .

Color Preferences (08-26-21)

Jeon, Han, and Namstudied how preferences for particular color vary.  They report that “designers and marketers often use a mix of colors whose harmony must be taken into consideration, which includes choosing whether to use colors placed next to each other on the color wheel (analogous combination) or to combine colors that are opposite each other (complementary combination). . . .

Classroom Seats (08-25-21)

Rohrer, Keller, and Elwert found that where students sit influences relationships formed with classmates.  They report that they “randomized the seating charts of 182 3rd through 8th grade classrooms (N = 2,966 students) for the duration of one semester. We found that being seated next to each other increased the probability of a mutual friendship from 15% to 22% on average. Furthermore, induced proximity increased the latent propensity toward friendship equally for all students, regardless of students' . . . similarity with respect to educational achievement, gender, and ethnicity.

Typeface Curves (08-23-21)

Wang, Yu, and Li evaluated typeface - product preference links.  Their work  “identifies the effect of an important design characteristic of typefaces—curvature on consumers’ preferences toward hedonic [pleasure-related] products. . . .  when consumers are exposed to hedonic products whose advertisements or packaging use round typefaces (high curvature), they show greater preferences toward them.”

Aesthetic Preferences (08-20-21)

Corradi and colleagues studied responses to specific design elements.  They report that “results reveal that people differ remarkably in the extent to which visual features influence their liking, highlighting the crucial role of individual variation when modeling aesthetic preferences. . . . overall, participants liked the curved images . . . more than the sharp-angled images. . . . The model of liking for symmetry and complexity revealed that participants liked the symmetrical images . . . more than the asymmetrical images. . . .

Park Trash Cans (08-19-21)

Van Doesumand colleagues studied how signage and trash can location influence at-park littering.  They determined that “Moving waste receptacles from the interior to the exits of a park makes waste collection more efficient. . . . we removed all waste receptacles from within an urban park and placed them at the exits in three consecutive field studies. . . .  litter levels increased from initial baseline. . . .


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