The current study indicates that the influence of ambient odor in retail spaces is influenced by the number of shoppers in an area, and that the positive influence of pleasant odors is only found when a moderate number of shoppers are present.
The pairings of slower music and higher shopper density, or faster music and lower shopper density, lead to different shopper evaluations of their shopping trips.
How people perceive a landscape may affect its ecological integrity. An attractive landscape may encourage people to protect it, rather than try to modify it. So, what makes a landscape attractive? Researchers looking at Minnesota wetlands found answers to this question from visitors and neighbors to six wetland properties.
Several recently published reviews that examine the research literature provide information about the appropriate design of health care environments. Taken together, they are a useful and up-to-date starting point on approaching this research.
The two sets of items presented in the included lists approach the issue of quality of design and building from two different and diametrically opposed positions: the "Top 10 Problems in Building Performance" represent the cumulative experience of the author over a period of 40 years, while "The Seven Principles of Universal Design" resulted from the deliberations by members of the Center for Universal Design.
Researchers have been investigating event-places, "which make powerful linkages between physical and social phenomena."
Transportation and health experts continue to tout the benefits of walking for exercise and for neighborhood errands. One recent review examines eighteen separate studies on walking to determine common factors in the environment that might help or hinder walking, while another lays out guidelines to help quantify what makes a street or walkway comfortable for pedestrians—laying the groundwork for an assessment tool. Originally published in Issue 4, 2004.
Although hospitals have long been thought of as places to cure disease, new ideas about what hospitals should be and how they should function are creating new challenges for hospital designers and caregivers.
Adolescents (11- to 19-year-olds) have definite opinions about the design of waiting and examination rooms in physicians’ offices and provided many suggestions on how to design those offices so they are more appropriate for their age group.
Participants in a recent study indicated a higher preference for water jets and combinations of several moving water features in water features at urban plazas.