The cognitive science research is clear – using natural elements (for example, materials, sounds,
Moran determined that nature experiences, “real” or via images, have a restorative effect on people in prison, they seem to reduce their mental fatigue. She reports “results of a survey of prisoners at a large medium-security prison for men in the United Kingdom. It reflects on prisoners' experiences in relation to elements of the environment in which they reside; specifically, outdoor green spaces and green views in the form of whole-wall photographic images of the natural environment.
Neuroscience makes it clear that biophilic design supports positive life experiences. It has bee
Africa, Heerwagen, Loftness, and Balagtas identify ways that biophilic design can support the wellbeing of people and the planet. They report that “Natural settings like landscaped campuses, atria, rooftops, and shoreline esplanades that embody or recall an oasis of ecological normalcy (e.g., the experience of seasons, historical leisure activities or the passage of time) foster psychological stability and anchor resilience.
Scaling and contrast investigated
Plants are a plus!
Natural elements, mental state, and popularity
Quantifying the effects of applying basic principles
Brown and Lee investigated the use of prospect and refuge in urban settings.
For practicing designers who want to create places that support human wellbeing, at any scale