Environment and Disease (10-15-21)

Munzel and colleagues continue the research into links between environmental conditions and disease.  They report that “Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are fatal for more than 38 million people each year and are thus the main contributors to the global burden of disease accounting for 70% of mortality. The majority of these deaths are caused by cardiovascular disease. The risk of NCDs is strongly associated with exposure to environmental stressors such as pollutants in the air, noise exposure, artificial light at night and climate change, including heat extremes, desert storms and wildfires. In addition to the traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as diabetes, arterial hypertension, smoking, hypercholesterolemia and genetic predisposition, there is a growing body of evidence showing that physicochemical factors in the environment contribute significantly to the high NCD numbers. Furthermore, urbanization is associated with accumulation and intensification of these stressors.”

Thomas Munzel, Omar Hahad, Mette Sorensen, Jos Lelieveld, Georg Duerr, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, and Andreas Daiber.  “Environmental Risk Factors and Cardiovascular Diseases:  A Comprehensive Review.”  Cardiovascular Research, in press, https://doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvab316