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Mask’s book probes the power of street names.  Her review is valuable because. “Street names . . . are about identity, wealth, and . . . race.  But most of all they are about power—the power to name, the power to shape history, the power to decide who counts, who doesn’t, and why. . . . We think of street addresses as purely functional and administrative tools, but they tell a grander narrative of how power has shifted and stretched over the centuries. I make this argument through stories, for example, of streets named after Martin Luther King Jr., the way-finding methods of ancient Romans, and Nazi ghosts on the streets of Berlin. This book travels to Manhattan in the Gilded Age, London during the reign of Victoria, and Paris during the Revolution. . . . Arguing about street names has become a way of arguing about fundamental issues in our society at a time when doing so sometimes feels impossible. How often are we called to take a stand and decide who we are as a community?  We lose something of ourselves if we don’t keep up the relentless, argument-riddled, community-based work of mapping and naming the places where we live.”

Deirdre Mask. 2020.  The Address Book:  What Street Addresses Reveal About Identity, Race, Wealth, and Power.  St. Martin’s Press; New York.

Etkin and Memmi researched how we decide whether to spend time working or not working; future research may support extrapolating their findings to the allocation of resources besides time.  Etkin and Memmi report that “Leisure is desirable and beneficial, yet consumers frequently forgo leisure in favor of other activities—namely work. . . . Because work tends to be easier to justify and leisure harder to justify, goal conflict increases time spent on work and decreases time spent on leisure.  . . . The findings. . . . have implications for the use of ‘time-saving’ technologies and the marketing of leisure activities.”

Jordan Etkin and Sarah Memmi.  “Goal Conflict Encourages Work and Discourages Leisure.”  Journal of Consumer Research, in press, https://doi.org/10.1093/jcr/ucaa019

The AIA has developed a checklist that can be used to evaluate buildings that might be used as temporary healthcare facilities during the COVID-19 pandemic.  It is available here.   http://content.aia.org/sites/default/files/2020-04/KC20_AAH_C-19_Prepare...          The checklist is immediately useful for its intended purpose and can also be used during the programming/development of additional sorts of locations, with appropriate modifications.  As detailed at the beginning of the checklist, it “contains information synthesized from non-crisis situations (design principles, available supporting evidence, or translation of applicable standards) in combination with federal documents issued during the COVID-19 crisis. The content was prepared with joint professional input from trained and experienced health care architects, designers, engineers, scientists, life-safety consultants, healthcare professionals, and hospital facility operations. . . . The checklist does not describe mandatory requirements; it does highlight important areas for evaluation by hospital and public health agencies in selecting ACS for the care and treatment of COVID-19 or surge-capacity patients. The goal is to identify appropriate rapid- adaptive reuse of existing built environments such as convention centers, sports arenas, community centers, hotels, dormitories, or other space for occupancy during the pandemic.”

Spence investigated how temperature is linked to the experience of other sensory stimuli.  His review of the literature indicates that “The last few years have seen an explosive growth of research interest in the crossmodal correspondences, the sometimes surprising associations that people experience between stimuli, attributes, or perceptual dimensions, such as between auditory pitch and visual size, or elevation. . . . I take a closer look at temperature-based correspondences. The empirical research not only supports the existence of robust crossmodal correspondences between temperature and colour (as captured by everyday phrases such as 'red hot') but also between temperature and auditory pitch. Importantly, such correspondences have (on occasion) been shown to influence everything from our thermal comfort in coloured environments through to our response to the thermal and chemical warmth associated with stimulation of the chemical senses, as when eating, drinking, and sniffing olfactory stimuli.”

Charles Spence.  “Temperature-Based Crossmodal Correspondences:  Causes and Consequences.”  Multisensory Research, in press, doi:  10.1163/22134808-20191494

Zografos has written an interesting text that will intrigue people developing an assortment of different sort of sites.  As detailed at its UCL Press website, Architecture and Firefocuses on “the intimate relationship between architecture and fire.  Stamatis Zografos expands on the general agreement among many theorists that the primitive hut was erected around fire – locating fire as the first memory of architecture, at the very beginning of architectural evolution. . . . [Zografos] explore[s] the ambivalent nature of fire . . . before discussing architectural conservation and the relationship between listed buildings, the function of archives, and the preservation of memories from the past. . . . Architecture and Fire is founded in new interdisciplinary research navigating across the boundaries of architecture, conservation, archival theory, classical mythology, evolutionary theory, thermodynamics, philosophy and psychoanalysis.”

Stamatis Zografos. 2019. Architecture and Fire:  A Psychoanalytic Approach to Conservation.  UCL Press; London, United Kingdom.  Available for free download at: https://www.uclpress.co.uk/collections/built-environment/products/111607

Kim and colleagues evaluated the effects of a open-plan workplace redesign project on the environmental satisfaction of the people working in the space.  Data were collected via objective measures of physical conditions and an online survey.  The team report that one floor in a multi-floor office building in Seattle was renovated: “Changes were made to the floor’s layout, and to the size of employees’ workspaces.  New sound-masking technology and a modern lighting framework were added. . . . After the new space had been used for 1.5 months, occupants reported being more satisfied, in general, than they recalled being in the original setting.  The size of personal workspaces and a sense of privacy were especially important to employees.  Despite overhead lighting illuminance levels being below recommended industry standards, occupants were not dissatisfied with light levels. . . . . occupants’ responses about the level of input they had into the retrofit process correlated significantly and positively with their perceptions of environmental satisfaction after its completion.”

Amy Kim, Shuoqi Wang, Lindsay McCunn, and Hessam Sadatsafavi.  “Impact of Office Modernization on Environmental Satisfaction: A Naturalistic Field Study.”  Frontiers in Built Environment, in press, doi:  10.3389/fbuil.2020.00058

The Lighting Research Center (LRC:  Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute) is making available, at the YouTube address noted below, a short tutorial on the best lighting for at-home video conferences; the insights shared by this prestigious research team are also applicable in conference rooms at employer owned/managed facilities.  As the LRC team shares “Whether you are taking part in a virtual meeting with colleagues, participating in a job interview, or giving a presentation, you want to make sure that you look your best, and that people can clearly understand you. The Lighting Research Center (LRC) has released a new video on how to show yourself in the best light when video conferencing from home.”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PN_QMPvnCqM&feature=youtu.be

Gill evaluated links between judgments of morality and automation.  He reports that “Building on recent work on AV [autonomous vehicle/car] morality, the current research examined how people resolve the dilemma between protecting self versus a pedestrian, and what they expect an AV to do in a similar situation. Five studies revealed that participants considered harm to a pedestrian more permissible with an AV as compared to self as the decision agent in a regular car. This shift in moral judgments was driven by the attribution of responsibility to the AV and was observed for both severe and moderate harm, and when harm was real or imagined. However, the effect was attenuated [reduced] when five pedestrians or a child could be harmed. These findings suggest that AVs can change prevailing moral norms and promote an increased self-interest among consumers. This has relevance for the design and policy issues related to AVs.”

Tripat Gill.  “Blame It on the Self-Driving Car:  How Autonomous Vehicles Can Alter Consumer Morality.”  Journal of Consumer Research, in press, https://doi.org/10.1093/jcr/ucaa018

Virtanen and colleagues investigated the criteria used to evaluate image quality.  They report that “Various image elements, such as sharpness or naturalness, can impact how observers view images and, more directly, how they evaluate their quality. . . . we conducted a study with a large set of images with multiple overlapping distortions, covering a wide range of quality variation. Observers assigned a quality rating of the images on a 0–10 scale and gave a verbal description explaining the elements on which their rating was based. . . . Brightness, naturalness, and good colors seem to be related to the highest image quality preference. However, the most important elements for predicting good image quality were related to image fidelity such as graininess and sharpness. This indicates that a certain level of image fidelity must be achieved before more subjective associations with, for instance, naturalness can emerge.”

Toni Virtanen, Mikko Nuutinen, and Jukka Hakkinen.  “Underlying Elements of Image Quality Assessment:  Preference and Terminology for Communicating Image Quality Characteristics.”  Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts, in press, https://doi.org/10.1037/aca0000312

Recent research by Gao, Fillmore, and  Scullin confirms the value of repeated exposure to the same stimuli during the learning process;  it also validates the powerful links between memories and sensory stimuli and the fact that linked memories can be reactivated when stimuli are repeated. The team reports on research related to targeting reactivation of memories (TMR) during sleep: “undergraduate students completed a college-level microeconomics lecture (mathematics-based) while listening to distinctive classical music (Chopin, Beethoven, and Vivaldi). After they fell asleep, we re-played the classical music songs (TMR) or a control noise [white noise] during slow wave sleep. Relative to the control condition, the TMR condition showed an 18% improvement for knowledge transfer items that measured concept integration . . . increasing the probability of ‘passing’ the test with a grade of 70 or above. . . . The benefits of TMR did not extend to a 9-month follow-up test when performance dropped to floor levels, demonstrating that long-term-forgetting curves are largely resistant to experimentally-consolidated memories.” Classical music (quietly) played was the first movement of the “Moonlight” piano Sonata by Beethoven, the first movement of the “Spring” violin concerto by Vivaldi, and Nocturne in E-Flat Major, Op. 9, No. 2 by Chopin.

Chenlu Gao, Paul Fillmore, and Michael Scullin. “Classical Music, Educational Learning, and Slow Wave Sleep:  A Targeted Memory Reactivation Experiment.”  Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, in press, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nlm.2020.107206

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