Designing spaces that will be used frequently by teenagers requires a great deal of careful planning. People designing places that will be used by teenagers should be aware that some teenagers are less likely to learn from past negative experiences about how they should behave in the future than others (McCormick and Telze, 2017). Laurence Steinberg, a professor at Temple University, has long reported that “For teens, a tendency toward dangerous behavior is hard-wired into the brain;” he discusses this topic in a video, here: http://bigthink.com/videos/the-evolution-of-recklessnes
Ethan McCormick and Eva Telze. 2017. “Failure to Retreat: Blunted Sensitivity to Negative Feedback Supports Risky Behavior in Adolescents.” NeuroImage, vol. 147, pp. 381-389.