Lilius investigated the lives of families with children living in inner cities. She found that “urban living reduces the sharp divide between life before having children and family life. Urban parents stay in the city for much the same reasons they first moved there: because they are attracted to population density, good amenities and good public transport. . . . there is a lack of understanding among city planners and politicians about family needs in the inner city. . . . modernist ideals on proper family living still prevail. . . .
Environmental energy levels and planned activities align for successful design.
Recent research to assist in designing camping sites and hiking trails.
Researchers investigated current and idealized family gathering spaces through interviews with parents of elementary-school-aged children.
Several recently published reviews that examine the research literature provide information about the appropriate design of health care environments. Taken together, they are a useful and up-to-date starting point on approaching this research.
What are the most important benefits sought by zoo visitors? What can surveys and a post-occupancy evalutation reveal about zoo design?