Prof. Oyvind Martinsen at the BI Norwegian Business School investigated the personalities of creative people and his findings are useful to practitioners sourcing creative staff members. The personality traits he linked with creativity include:
Does permitting left turns when green arrows are not present make pedestrians’ lives more dangerous? Apparently it does. Researchers have learned that when left hand turns are permitted there is “an ‘alarming’ level of risk to pedestrians crossing the street – about 4-9 percent of the time, drivers don’t even bother to look and see if there are pedestrians in their way. As opposed to a ‘protected’
Metin and his colleagues investigated links between background sound and impulsive behavior by people with ADHD. They determined that when background “pink noise” was added to a test environment “Children with ADHD made more impulsive choices than controls. Adding noise did not reduce impulsive choice in ADHD.” Previous research indicates that white noise helps students with ADHD concentrate (https://researchdesignconnections.com/pub/children-adhd-concentrate-bett...).
Prinz effectively reviews the existing research on how people from individualistic and collectivistic cultures perceive the physical world that surrounds them. He distinguishes individualistic and collectivistic cultures by stating that collectivists “tend to focus less on individual achievement [than people from individualistic cultures] and more on the groups to which they belong.” Cultures whose members are primarily not of European descent are generally collectivistic.
Zhu and Argo have completed a preliminary analysis of the influence of various arrangements of chairs on the best ways to persuade people to take particular actions. Subjects in their study sat in a chair among other chairs all of which were arranged either in a traditional chair circle with all chairs facing inward, in a square with all chairs facing inward or in a chair facing inward that was either beside a row of other chairs facing inward or in a line of chairs perpendicular to another line of chairs, all facing inward. The first seating arrangement was ca
Hills, Noguchi and Gibbert have learned more about how people make choices. Designers can apply their findings when working with clients. Hills and his team found that participants in their study selected options that were riskier when more alternatives were presented to them.
Thomas Hills, Takao Noguchi, and Michael Gibbert. “Information Overload or Search-Amplified Risk? Set Size and Order Effects on Decisions From Experience.” Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, in press.
New research on crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) dovetails with previous findings. (For related information, see https://researchdesignconnections.com/pub/how-can-design-help-prevent-crime.) Mennis and Wolfe found that in cities “vegetation, when well-maintained, can lower the rates of certain types of crime, such as aggravated assault, robbery and burglary. . . . the presence of grass, trees and shrubs is associated with lower crime rates in Philadelphia . . .
Kuhbandner and Pekrun studied how the color of writing influences how well information in written messages is remembered. Their work is immediately applicable to sign and map design, for example. The researchers learned that “Making words outstanding by color [i.e., making a particular word a different color that nearby words] strongly enhanced memory [for those differently colored words] . . . . Most intriguingly, the effects of emotion on memory additionally depended on color type.
Fitzgerald and Danner summarize some of the ways that our evolutionary past should influence current office design; a topic that is discussed regularly here (for example, https://researchdesignconnections.com/pub/arguments-biophilic-architecture).
Devlin and her research team begin by observing that “Multicultural sensitivity is important in clinical practice, yet we know little about how the physical environment projects this quality.” The researchers learned that “a therapist whose office included art and artifacts from a variety of cultures (e.g., through textiles, sculptures) was judged to be more open to multiculturalism than was the therapist whose office displayed objects from a tradition that could be categorized as more western.