Jokela and colleagues probed links between the location of homes, personality, and life satisfaction. They learned that “Higher openness to experience was more positively associated with life satisfaction in postal districts [in London] characterized by higher average openness to experience, population density, and ethnic diversity. . . .
Research Design Connections
The Center for Active Design (CfAD) probed links between design and civic life; what they’ve learned is available without charge at the website noted below. Data collected via the Knight Foundation’s Soul of the Community survey (using phone interviews in English and Spanish) in 26 US communities and analyzed by the CfAD indicates that “Compared to people with little access to outdoor recreation space in their community, people who report an abundance of outdoor recreation space are 28% more likely to think their local leaders represent their interests.
Lee and colleagues report that, at this time, it is unlikely that people will respond positively to working underground. Their work is timely because “With growing population in urban areas, the problem of lacking space is becoming more prominent. . . . the development of underground space has increasingly gained attention as a viable solution.” The researchers’ review of available literature determined that “the overall impression of underground environment is generally negative.
Haque’s research determined that people are just as distracted when driving and talking on the phone hands free as they are when driving and holding their phone as they talk. So, even though headsets, etc., have become more prevalent among people traveling/walking and talking on their phones, it is still important to create spaces where people on the phone can be safe even though they’re not paying much attention to the world around themselves (for example, ones where changes of level/stairs are eliminated whenever possible).
Research by Sunaga, Park, and Spence confirms that, all else being equal, things that are painted lighter colors are perceived to weigh less than items painted darker colors. The team described their study “The present study examines how the lightness of packaging colors, and the location of products on a display shelf interact to affect consumers’ purchase decision‐making via perceived visual heaviness.
Li and Joh have identified a positive relationship between home values, the bikeability of neighborhoods, and the presence of viable public transit: home values increase with bikeability and feasible transit options. As Li and Joh report, “Planners and policy makers are increasingly promoting biking and public transit as viable means of transportation. The integration of bicycling and transit has been acknowledged as a strategy to increase the mode share of bicycling and the efficiency of public transit by solving the first- and last-mile problem. . .
Soderlund has identified good reasons for making sure retail employees are visible to shoppers. He reports that “Existing research suggests that humans are hardwired to be sensitive to the presence of other humans, and that the mere presence of someone is likely to affect human behavior. . . . This study examined empirically if the mere presence of an employee in a physical environment has an impact on customer affect (in terms of pleasure) and customer satisfaction. Two . . .
Kalay-Shahin and colleagues investigated the psychological implications of seeing the color pink. They determined that people, especially women, doing so were apt to be more optimistic. More specifically, the team conducted “Three experiments . . . to investigate the association between pink and optimism. In Experiment 1A, . . . [people] were asked to classify words as optimistic or pessimistic as fast as possible. Half the words were presented in pink and half in black. Experiment 1B . . .
Coulter has found that we have a different response to material reviewed on mobile devices and on desktop/laptop computers. Why? The location of our hands relative to the information presented. Coulter’s findings can help designers and others understand puzzling reactions they’ve received to alternatives shared, for example. Coulter determined that “when hands are proximal to . . .
Research by Tamesue confirms that meaningful office noise degrades professional performance. A press release detailing findings he presented at the 5th Joint Meeting Acoustical Society of America and Acoustical Society of Japan reports that “When carrying out intellectual activities involving memory or arithmetic tasks, it is a common experience for noise to cause an increased psychological impression of “annoyance,” leading to a decline in performance. This is more apparent for meaningful noise, such as conversation, than it is for other random, meaningless noise. . . .